Hindi film industry has been majorly influenced by Hollywood & some of its successful movies. Directors have taken “Inspiration” from various renowned screenplays and have successfully adapted them to suit Indian set-up. Some of them went ahead and made scene to scene replicas which proved disastrous at the Box-office. In the auteur dominated fifties, the screenplays & plots were original. Raj Kapoor adopted the mannerism of Charlie Chaplin and Dev Anand imitated Gregory Peck (to quote some examples) but the theme of their movies was strictly Indian. Feroz Khan made “Dharmatma”  which was a visible remake of “The Godfather” and hence the trend of “Lifted”/ “Copied”/ “Adapted” Screenplays began. Till date, barring a few films made by experienced directors, most of the re-makes have flopped. Some notable Movies, which were re-made in Bollywood and gathered popularity are:
1. It Happened one Night :
Frank Capra’s classical Romantic Comedy [starring Clark Gable & Claudette Colbert] was re-made as Chori Chori by Anand Thakur. The story of a pampered/rich socialite, who is trying to get away from her influential father; her meeting with a roguish reporter and their eventual journey together, was presented by the “Golden Pair” of classical era “Nargis & Raj Kapoor”. It was the last film they did together & had an extraordinary soundtrack of romantic songs [Ye Raat Bheegi Bheegi, Aaja Sanam, Jahan Main Jaati Hoon etc]. A little bit of “Roman Holiday” was added to the plot, which turned it into a major hit. Later on Mahesh Bhatt directed “Dil Hai Ke Maanta Nahin” ,starring Pooja Bhatt & Aamir Khan, based on the same plot, which was a huge musical hit as well.
2. Seven Samurai :
Akira Kurosawa’s Japanese masterpiece had a plot of bandits terrorizing poor villagers, who seek help from mercenaries. Its screenplay has been a source of inspiration for many movie-makers globally. In Bollywood, “Mera Gaon Mera Desh”, “Khotey Sikke”, followed by the ultimate “Indian Blockbuster”- “Sholay”  were inspired by its plot. Sholay rose above all, simply because of its perfect narration & orchestration of characters. Some major iconic characters were handed over to the audiences [Thakur, Gabbar, Basanti, Jai, Veeru, Sambha & Kaalia], to be embedded in the minds forever. Ram Gopal Verma attempted a disastrous remake “Aag” where he handed over the role of “Gabbar” to Big B. Raj Kumar Santoshi made “China Gate”  previously, bringing the biggest supporting actors together with Mamta Kulkarni. “Ramgarh ke Sholay”  with duplicate actors of Amitabh, Dev Anand, Govinda, Anil Kapoor & Mehmood was another silly spoof. In Hollywood, “Magnificent Seven” was a faithful ‘Western” adaptation of the original script, directed by John Sturges [ starring Yul Brynner, Steve McQueen & Eli Wallach]. Its story was credited to The Japanese maestro.
3. West Side Story :
The deadly rivalry b/w 2 New York street-gangs, where the best friend of a gang leader falls in love with the sister of the other, was the original theme of this romantic musical drama. Directed by Robert Wise & Jerome Robbins, it became an Oscar award record holder for a musical movie. Hailed internationally as a Cult/Classic Musical, it motivated many directors to adapt the screenplay. Mansoor Khan casted SRK [after the original choice for the lead role, Salman Khan, refused to get paired as a sibling to Ash] & Aishwarya Rai in “Josh” , which was set in Goan ambience as an official remake. With Priya Gill, Chandrachur Singh & Sharat Kapoor in supporting roles, this movie boasted of a song “Appun Bola” sung by SRK in his own voice, and was declared a Hit.
4. The Reincarnation of Peter Proud :
The formula of reincarnation and revenge was floating in Bollywood since long. Madhumati, Mahal, Neel Kamal, Mehbooba & Milan were successful films based on traditional Indian belief of life after death. “The Reincarnation of Peter Proud” was a supernatural suspense thriller by J.Lee. Subhash Ghai adapted the theme & presented the plot in a refreshing manner with cool Disco Music & freshness of Rishi Kapoor along with Tina Munim in Karz. The dashing “Simi Garewal” arrived as the latest brand of femme fatale. Kudrat  & Karan Arjun  were the other hits based on this plot. Om Shanti Om  & Karzz were official remakes of Ghai’s version which stirred the audience to some extent. Movies like Suryavanshi , Hamesha , Love Story 2050  & Teri Meri Kahani  flopped.
5. Godfather :
Francis Ford Copolla’s criminal drama, based on Mario Puzo’s novel, is Hollywood’s No. 1 movie till date. The mafia tale has been copied, adapted & loosely re-invented by various film-makers internationally. Feroz Khan was the first director who adapted it in Bollywood as “Dharmatama” and played the role of Michael Corleone, while handing over the role of Vito Corleone to Premnath. He added Buzkashi, dances & songs and an Indian theme of Matka[gambling] King while shooting it exclusively in Afghanistan. Feroz Khan reached new heights as he successfully focused the screenplay around his own character while reducing the other highlighted one’s. This movie was a blockbuster and was hugely appreciated by all. He made Dayavan  [loosely based on Godfather 2] which was based on Vito’s journey from Sicily on to becoming the indisputable Don. Viraasat  by Priyadarshan highlighted the dilemma of a family where the son finds himself as an outsider to his own background. He eventually sacrifices his independent ideology to take the seat vacated by his father. Anil Kapoor & Amrish Puri excelled in their respective roles. In Raajneeti  Prakash Jha added some plots from Godfather as well. Sarkar  (followed by Sarkar Raj in 2008) is cited as one of the finest films made on Indian Underworld (It is also considered as RGV’s best film so far). The tale of an aging Don with a treacherous elder son who fails & a younger sophisticated son who takes over the reins from him, is the finest tribute paid to the original masterpiece. Aatank Hi Aatank  starring Aamir Khan is not worthy of a mention here.
6. Love Story :
Written by Erich Segal in the form of a novel by the same name & directed by Arthur Hiller, Love Story is an epic “Tragic” love saga hailed as the No. 1 romantic film of all times. The simple tale of a rich boy falling in love with a poor girl & eventually leaving his fortunes to marry her, has been adapted from time to time in numerous versions. The opening lines from the classic “What can you say about a 25 year old girl who died? That she was beautiful and brilliant? That she loved Mozart and Bach? The Beatles? And Me?” and the dialogue “Love means never having to say you’re sorry” are capable of giving goosebumps to movie lovers of all ages even today. Rajshri remade the classic as Akhiyon Ke Jharokon Se . Ranjeeta received national acclaim for her poignant portrayal of “Lily” while Sachin gathered adoration from all. The soundtrack also became popular like the original movie’s musical score.
7. Return to Eden [T.V Series 1983]:
Rekha’s comeback vehicle was launched by Rakesh Roshan as Khoon Bhari Maang  which was a scene to scene copy of this famous Australian mini-series. A wealthy widow is almost killed by her greedy second husband & thrown among crocodiles in front of her best friend. She gathers her lost courage and sets out for revenge. The screenplay was not tampered with at all & the popularity of KBM broke the myth in Bollywood that only a male protagonist could guarantee a box-office success.
8. Memento :
Christopher Nolan’s “neo-noir” psychological phenomenon was based on an innovative story which explored the neurobiology of human memory. It was adapted by A. R Murugadoss as Ghajini , who directed & wrote the screenplay for both Tamil & Hindi versions with Asin as lead actress in both. Surya [Tamil] & Aamir [Hindi] played the lead male roles. Aamir went on to defend Murugadoss by saying that he got inspired to write the script after reading about the concept of “short-term memory loss”. It was very well adapted though, to suit the indian audience’s tastes. Aamir built six-pack abs for the movie which went on to become Bollywood’s first movie to cross the “100 Crore” landmark in terms of revenue collection. The hero uses tattoos, short notes & Polaroid camera to hunt for his wife’s murderer while training & reminding himself of his mission. This movie has a rare feature of having been named after the villain.
9. Romeo and Juliet [William Shakespeare]:
The tragic plot by Shakespeare, of children from warring families falling in love and eventually dying in the end, has been the all-time favorite formula of Indian Cinema. Renowned Directors have enveloped the idea in various social surroundings while presenting the original theme of “Love meets Death”. Ek Duje Ke Liye  presented class/cast disparities and also marked the debut of Kamal Hassan in Bollywood, along with Rati Agnihotri. Laxmikant Pyarelal’s soundtrack won instant recognition all over the nation. QSQT  arrived as a breath of fresh air in the action-dominated era. Aamir Khan & Juhi Chawla starred in this most loved Romantic “Tragic” Film. Ishaqzaade  was blended with local politics in U.P and also presented us with a headstrong “Juliet” [Parineeti Chopra] & a cunning “Romeo” [Arjun Kapoor]. Sanjay Leela Bhansali gifted us with a unique version in “Goliyon Ki Rasleela: Ramleela ” with Deepika Padukone & Ranveer Singh’s superb acting, coupled with his superior vision.
Raj Kapoor altered the ending by uniting the lovers in Bobby; so did Sooraj Barjatya in Maine Pyar Kiya .
10. Macbeth, Othello & Hamlet [William Shakespeare]:
Vishal Bhardwaj is the modern age Master of adaptation. He has presented the “trilogy” of the extra-ordinary “Anti-heroes” and their tragic lives as a Vintage collection. Maqbool showed us the audacity of the ambitious “Macbeth” [Irrfan Khan] who is torn between loyalty & ambitions; who faces the wrath of guilt. Saif Ali Khan stunned the Bollywood Fraternity & Fans with his brilliant performance as Langda Tyagi, while Ajay Devgan essayed the role of Omkara  based on the fearless, good hearted & suspicious “Othello”. The chocolate boy Shahid Kapoor as Haider was a 360 degree image make-over; not only did he play the madness of “Hamlet” perfectly, he delivered the fake psychotic behavior with precision.
Coming to the second part, which might seem rather silly as a reader, here are the names of some other flicks based on Hollywood Films, only for the sake of general knowledge. I would like to remind the readers that Sleeping With The Enemy  starring Julia Roberts, was remade as Yaarana, Agnisakshi , Daraar  & Koi Mere Dil Se Poochhe  starring Madhuri, Manisha, Juhi & Esha Deol respectively. All flopped! And Raakesh Roshan should get the award for attempting most re-makes. Only Khudgarz & Koyla seem “original” out of his kitty.
Seven Brides for Seven Brothers – Satte Pe Satta
Streets of Fire – Tezaab
A Kiss Before Dying – Baazigar
Sabrina – Yeh Dillagi
Hard Way- Main Khiladi Tu Anari
Breaking Away- Jo Jeeta Wahi Sikander
Twin Dragons – Judwaa
Mrs. Doubtfire – Chachi 420
On The Waterfront – Ghulam
Dead Poet’s Society – Mohabbatein
Consenting Adults – Ajnabee
While You Were Sleepin – Har Dil Jo Pyar Karega
Hitch – Partner
I Now Pronounce You Chuck N Harry – Dostaana
Mickey Blue Eyes – welcome
Good Bye Lover – Race
Boeing Boeing – Garam Masala
All My Sons/Jesus Of Montreal – Rang De Basanti
Miracles – Singh is king
Changing Lanes – Taxi no 9211
E.T – Koi Mil Gaya
Unfaithful – Murder
Body Heat – Jism
Bonnie & Clyde – Bunty Aur Babli
When Harry Met Sally – Hum Tum
The Rock – Qayamat
Disclosure – Aitraaz
North By Northwest – Inaam Dus Hazaar
Make Way for Tomorrow – Bhagbhan
Indecent Proposal – Karobar/Sauda
One Good Cop – One 2 Ka 4
Duel in the Sun – Jaanbaaz
Beverly Hills Cops – Jalwa
The Front Page – Phir Bhi Dil Hai Hindustani
The Parent Trap – Do Kaliyaan/Kuchch 2 Khatti Kuchch 2 Meethhi/Pyar Ke Kaabil
Bad Boys – Badde Miyaan Chhotte Miyaan
Dirty Rotten Scoundrels – Khel
Truth About Cats n Dogs – Mujhse Dosti Karoge
Nick of Time – Baadshah
Coming to America – Dil Hi Toh Hai
The Devil’s Own – Baadal
Blackbeard’s Ghost – Chamatkar
Overboard – Ek ladka Ek ladki
The Hand that Rocks the Cradle – Khalnaika
Kramer v/s Kramer – Akele Hum Akele Tum
The Fugitive – Criminal
What about Bob – Deewana Mastana
Blue Streak – Chor Machaye Shor
French kiss – Pyar Toh Hona Hi Tha
An eye for an Eye – Dushman
The Silence of the Lambs – Sangharsh
Leon the professional – Bichchoo
A Walk In The Clouds – Dhai Akshar Prem Ke
The Wedding Singer – Kahuin Pyar Na Ho Jae
The Fatal Attraction – Pyar Tune Kya Kia
Liar Liar – Kyonki Main Jhoot Nahin Bolta
Jagged Edge – Kasoor
The Whole 9 Yards – Aawara Paagal Deewana
A Perfect Murder – Humraaz
Reservoir Dogs – Kaante
Cellular – Speed
Love Actually – Salaame Ishq
3 Men And a Baby – Heyy Baby
Bruce Almighty – God Tussi Great Ho
Italian Job – Players
Rain Man – Yuvraaj
One Flew Over Cuckoo’s Nest – Kyonki
I am Sam – Main Aissa Hi Hoon
Cactus Flower – Maine Pyar Kyon Kiya
The Eye – Nainna
Out of Time – Zehar
Double Jeopardy – Jurm
Notting Hill – Humko Deewana Karr Gae
Oldboy – Zinda
John Q – Tathastu
The Collateral – The Killer
Analyse This – Hum Kissi Se Kum Nahin
Primal Fear – Deewanagi
My Best Friend’s Wedding – Mere Yaar Ki Shaadi Hai
What Lies Beneath – Raaz
Suicide Kings – Plan
Dragonfly – Saaya
The Witness – Paap
I Know What You Did last Summer – Kuchch Toh HaiIt
Watching some of them actually requires patience.